We provide a comprehensive range of dental treatments using up-to-date technology and with the strictest infection control.
Our Dental Services includes:
What is a Crown?
A crown is a protective cover or cap over a tooth. It is done to restore and protect teeth that are badly decayed, root-canal treated or heavily broken down. Crowns can change the colour and shape of teeth, as well as close spaces or gaps between teeth.
What is a Bridge?
A bridge is a special kind of dental prosthesis to replace missing teeth. The artificial teeth are supported by existing adjacent teeth known as abutments.
What is a Veneer?
Veneers are thin shells of porcelain or composite resin that are custom-made to fit over teeth, providing a natural, attractive look. They can be used to fix chipped, stained, misaligned, worn down, uneven or abnormally spaced teeth. The two most common materials used in dental veneers are composite resin and ceramic. Dental veneers are bonded to the teeth with resin cement.
Care of your crowns and bridges
Daily brushing and flossing are essential for maintaining healthy gums around crowns and bridges. Avoid chewing on hard foods like ice to prevent chipping and fracture of your prostheses. Regular check-ups are also necessary! Post-treatment maintenance is very important to maintain the lifespan of your crowns and bridges.
Dental implants are small titanium fixtures used to replace missing teeth. They are surgically placed into the lower or upper jaw bone. Implants can also be used to support dental prostheses such as bridges and dentures.
When you decide to have implants done, our dentists will first perform a clinical assessment with the aid of radiographs to determine if there is sufficient bone to support the implant. Bone augmentation may be required if there is insufficient bone.
After the implants have been placed, it will usually take a few months for bone around the implants to heal completely. Once healed, a crown, bridge or denture can be placed over the implant.
With dental implants, you will be able to eat and chew better as they do not move around like dentures. This will lead to improved speech, comfort and self-esteem.
To receive implants, you need to have healthy gums and adequate bone. You must also commit to keeping these structures healthy. Good oral hygiene and regular dental visits are critical to the long-term success of dental implants. You should quit smoking as smoking can weaken the bone structure and can contribute to implant failure. Avoid chewing on hard items such as ice because they can break the crowns on the implants as well as your natural teeth.
What are dentures?
Dentures are custom-made removable appliances that help to replace missing teeth. They mimic the shape, size, and color of natural teeth to help in eating and also to bring back a beautiful smile. Traditional denture materials include acrylic and cobalt-chrome. At Luminous, we provide Flexible Valplast Dentures. They are comfortable, lightweight and completely metal free. Valplast partial dentures are also aesthetic and virtually invisible so nobody has to know that you are missing your natural teeth.
Denture making usually requires multiple appointments over a period of time (sometimes up to two months).
In the first appointment, the moulds of the teeth and jaw are taken.
In the second appointment, measurements are taken to customize the placement of the teeth.
In the third appointment, a trial denture would be available for trying in. In this appointment, any changes to the denture can still be easily made (color change, size change, position change). This appointment may be repeated if the first trial is unsatisfactory. If there are no changes required, the denture will then be processed and the teeth will be in their final positions.
In the fourth appointment, the denture will be ready for issue.
Prognosis & Post-issue Care instructions
Like a new pair of shoes, new dentures will need a period of adjustment and getting used to. Certain areas of the mouth may be ulcerated after use and would require some minor adjustments back at the dentist (just like new shoes!). Denture replacement is recommended after every 5-7 years to ensure that they fit and remain stable, as gums do shrink over time.
Dentures are not as strong as natural teeth. Avoid biting on hard foods like bones and shells as the denture may fracture.
Remove them and rinse them after every meal to keep them clean.
Brush dentures with a toothbrush and soapy water (toothpaste will roughen the denture).
Remove dentures before sleeping and soak them in water.
Healthy gums are crucial for:
- healthy teeth and a happy smile
- longevity of any dental prosthesis or filling in your mouth
- a healthy body, especially your heart
Gum disease is commonly caused by inadequate brushing and flossing, underlying conditions like diabetes, smoking, and irregular visits to the dentist. Gum disease can be categorised into gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the inflammation of gums caused by accumulated plaque and tartar. Periodontitis is severe gingivitis that involves loss of the underlying bone that supports the teeth. If left untreated, teeth gradually become mobile and you may eventually lose them.
How is gum disease treated?
Generally, gum disease is treated by scaling and polishing at the dentist. Specialised instruments such as the ultrasonic scaler or curettes are used to remove or scale off tartar from the surfaces of your teeth. If you have been diagnosed to have periodontitis, more specialised gum treatment such as root planing would be needed. Our specialist at Luminous Dental is able to properly diagnose, treat and advise you on the long term management of your gum condition. In addition, we are equipped for periodontal surgeries, grafting and implants. Overall, it is extremely important that you be aware of your periodontal condition and practise good oral hygiene through proper brushing and flossing and visiting the dentist as scheduled.
The Dental Pulp
To understand endodontic or root canal treatment, it helps to know the anatomy of the tooth. Inside the tooth, under the white enamel and a thicker layer called the dentine, is a soft tissue called the pulp. The pulp contains blood vessels and nerves.
What is Root Canal Treatment?
Root canal treatment requires the removal of the pulp tissues from the tooth when the pulp becomes infected or inflamed. Under local anaesthetic, an opening is made into the tooth to get access to the pulp chamber.
Using small file-like instruments, the root canals are cleaned and prepared to a shape that can be filled. Debris within the canal are removed by flushing with an anti-bacterial solution.
The canals are then filled or sealed with a biocompatible material called gutta-percha with adhesive cement to ensure complete sealing of the canals.Afterwards, the tooth is either restored with a crown or a filling, depending on how much of the tooth is left. This should be done as soon as possible as there could be a risk of tooth fracture due to biting forces. If the tooth lacks sufficient structure to hold a crown or filling in place, your dentist may place a post inside the tooth. Ask your dentist for more details about the specific restoration for your tooth.
All root canal treatment procedures are done by isolating the tooth with a rubber dam to provide a clean and saliva-free environment. Root canal treatment
may be done in single or multiple visits depending on tooth complexity. In between treatment appointments, medicament may be placed within the canals
and the tooth is covered with a temporary filling.
Often, X-rays are taken to determine the length of the root and to monitor the various treatment stages.
When is Root Canal Treatment Needed?
Generally, a root canal treatment is needed when the pulp is inflamed or infected. The causes of infection and inflammations are due to
Signs of pulp damage may include pain, prolonged sensitivity to heat or cold, discolouration of the tooth, swelling, tenderness of the overlying gums or a bad taste in the mouth. On the other hand, there may be no symptoms at all. If pulp inflammation or infection is left untreated, it can eventually cause pain, swelling and loss of the supporting bone.
Advantages of Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment saves teeth that would otherwise have been extracted.
Saving the natural tooth with root canal treatment has many advantages
After root canal treatment, a root-canal-treated tooth can function normally and can be maintained with routine dental care and oral hygiene measures.
Is Root Canal Treatment Painful?
Root canal treatment procedures are relatively comfortable and often painless as the tooth is anaesthetised during treatment. After treatment, the tooth may be sensitive or tender for a few days, especially if there was pain or infection before the procedure. This discomfort can be relieved by taking over the counter painkillers.
Your tooth may continue to feel slightly different from your other teeth for some time after your root canal treatment is completed. However, if the pain persists, or gets worse, you should contact your dentist as soon as possible.
Post Care Instructions
Try to avoid chewing or biting on the tooth being treated until you have it permanently restored with either a filling or a crown. The unrestored tooth is susceptible to crack or fracture. Therefore, it is very important to restore the tooth properly as soon as possible. Most endodontically-treated teeth last as long as natural teeth following permanent restoration.
Otherwise, you need only practice good oral hygiene, including brushing, flossing and regular dental check-ups and cleanings. Root-filled teeth are as prone to decay as natural teeth. It is also important to have your treated tooth reviewed regularly by your dentist.
What is scaling and polishing?
Scaling and polishing removes plaque, calculus and extrinsic staining from the surfaces of teeth. Plaque is a soft yellowish bacterial deposit that forms around teeth and gums. Calculus is hardened plaque which is impossible to remove with normal brushing. Extrinsic stains are discolourations on teeth that are usually left by coffee, tea and smoking.
Plaques and calculus, if left untreated, will eventually cause dental and gum problems. The most common problem is gingivitis.
How often do we do it?
Luminous Dental recommends scaling and polishing to be done regularly, usually every 6 months. This is catered to the individual patient’s condition. For patients with advanced gum disease, gum treatment (SRP) will need to be performed.
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums where gums become red, puffy and bleed easily. This is usually noticed especially during brushing and flossing. Gingivitis can be treated with good oral hygiene and regular scaling and polishing by a dental professional. Our dentists will inform you when you need to improve on your brushing or flossing.
After scaling and polishing, there may be bleeding and some sensitivity on your gums and teeth. You will still be required to brush and floss your teeth at home as per normal.
With our unique kids' orientation experience and specially designed kids' rooms, we ensure that children look forward to their dental visit with positivity instead of fear! Taking your child to the dentist at a young age is the best way to prevent problems such as tooth decay, and can help parents learn how to clean their child's teeth and identify his or her fluoride needs.
At what age should kids see a dentist?
There are no hard and fast rules as to when your child should see the dentist. Generally, you may want to bring your child anytime after the eruption of their first tooth, or at the age of 1. The idea of such early dental visits is still surprising to many new parents. However, national studies have shown that preschool-aged children are getting more cavities. In the United States, more than 1 in 4 children has had at least one cavity by the age of 4. Many kids get cavities as early as age 2.
To prevent early childhood cavities, parents first have to find out their child's risk of developing cavities. They also need to learn how to manage diet, hygiene and fluoride to prevent problems.But cavities aren't all that parents need to learn about their child's dental health. The first dental visit lets parents discuss:
After this first visit, the dentist will suggest a schedule of follow-up visits. In the past, dentists typically called for visits every six months. Now, the schedule may vary according to each child's needs and risks. As your child grows, the dental team can help you learn how to prevent common oral problems.
Interceptive orthodontic treatment is performed for problems that, if left untreated, could lead to the development of more serious dental problems over time. The goal is to reduce the severity of a developing problem and eliminate the cause. The length of later comprehensive orthodontic treatment may be reduced.
In the past, orthodontic treatment did not begin until around age 12-14. This is when all the permanent teeth are already erupted or very close to it. It was also common for your dentist to remove permanent teeth to correct the bite and allow for room for the final phase of tooth movement. Modern orthodontists now advocate a way to keep permanent teeth, with phased interceptive orthodontics. In interceptive orthodontics, children are treated at much earlier ages (usually between age 7-11 years old) to take advantage of continuing growth. Patients at this age tend to be more receptive to, and compliant with treatment. Interceptive orthodontics allows for fewer teeth to be extracted and also allows for better end results.
Parents and patients need to understand that when interceptive orthodontics is performed there is usually more than one phase of treatment. Phase two will begin when all the permanent teeth are in place. Going through phases allows for the second phase to be shorter in duration, since the major corrections happened in the interceptive orthodontics phase. Sometimes interceptive orthodontics are needed to correct problems related to skeletal development, such as,
and sometimes it is needed as a direct result of oral habits such as for Correction of Thumb Sucking and Pacifier Habits.
Examples of Interceptive Orthodontics:
Fissure sealants are plastic coatings that are painted on to the grooves of the back teeth. The sealant forms a protective layer that keeps food and bacteria from getting stuck in the tiny grooves in the teeth and causing decay.
Fissure sealants vs fillings
Once there is a cavity in a tooth we will have to drill right through the enamel in order to remove the decay in the tooth and place a filling. This means the tooth always ends up weaker. For the rest of your life the tooth is never going to be as strong as if it were intact and perfect. The beauty of a fissure sealant is it allows us to clean the groove out many times without going through the enamel. The “bio-rim” of your enamel is left intact with a fissure sealant and the tooth stays strong.
Emergency management of an avulsed tooth ( a tooth that drops out via accident or trauma)
The most important thing to do is to remain calm. Then find the tooth. Hold it by the crown rather than the root. If its dirty, wash it briefly (10 seconds) under cold running water and try to reinsert it in the socket. Bite on a cloth and hold it in position. If that is not possible, put the tooth in a glass of milk or the child’s saliva. Seek emergency dental treatment immediately.
Our kids' dental programme
Age 1 Visit
The age 1 care visit is similar to a well-baby check at the physician's office.
They may be too young for an examination but the visit helps to familiarise them with the surroundings, the dentist and dental nurse. We have specially designed kid’s rooms to take away the anxiety of the kids.
At the visit, you should expect the dentist or hygienist to:
We would examine your child's mouth in the knee-to-knee position. You and the dentist sit on chairs facing each other. Your child sits on your lap, facing you. You then lay your child back with his or her head in the dentist's lap. In this position, both you and dentist can see clearly into your child's mouth and your child can look up at you. The examinations will be informal to start, a quick look using a dental mirror. Together, we can count the teeth and look for signs of decay. As the child's confidence grows our dentist will carry out a more thorough examination.
The dentist or hygienist may also clean your child's teeth. This is likely to occur if your child's teeth have a stain that commonly appears in infants. The dentist or hygienist also may apply fluoride, particularly if your child has a higher than average risk of developing cavities.
Age 3 visit
The approach to Age 3 visit will be very similar to Age 1 visit. We will orientate the child to the kids' dental room with overhead TV. But this time round, we will try to let the child sit on the dental chair. They will be shown the various equipments on the chair and how they are used.
After that, your child will first undergo an oral examination. After that, we will discuss the treatment needs and treatment plan with the parents before proceeding. We will go through oral hygiene instructions and share with parents what to expect as the child grows and develops in the coming months. If the child feels comfortable, we will proceed with dental polishing. We will not rush into any dental treatment.
We do encourage parents to leave their kids alone with us in the room, especially during the 2nd visit. We hope to encourage independence and to build up the child’s confidence.
For a quick and efficient whitening session we use Philips Zoom Whitespeed as featured on top American TV shows such as Extreme Makeover.
This is the clear alternative to metal braces for adults, kids and teenagers. Invisalign straightens teeth using a series of nearly invisible, removable aligners that are custom-made specifically for your teeth.
We use 3M Unitek brackets to straighten and align our patient’s teeth, improving facial profiles and giving them a beautiful smile. Our dentists have attended
and completed a 2 years' orthodontic training course in Progressive Orthodontic Seminars (POS).
Crowns, onlays or inlays are dental prostheses in your mouth. A crown or onlay is a protective cap placed over the surface of a tooth that is badly broken down, heavily filled or has had root canal treatment. An inlay is like a dental filling made of ceramic or composite resin, instead of the usual amalgam.
CAD/CAM stands for Computer Assisted Design/ Computer Assisted Milling and refers to the technology used to fabricate a crown using intraoral scans and milling. The need for taking messy dental impressions as well as the wait of about a week to receive your crown is eliminated.
With the latest advancements in CAD/CAM dental technology, Luminous Dental is pleased to provide you with the option of receiving a crown/ onlay/ inlay on the same day. In general, a CAD/CAM crown is made by a 3D intraoral scan, tooth preparation and then milling of the crown directly within the clinic. You will be able to receive your crown on the same day or within 2 days ( in special cases).
We are equipped with CEREC SIRONA that is updated with the latest CAD/CAM software to provide a comfortable and seamless experience from the preparation of your tooth to the cementing of your crown. You will also have the opportunity to witness your crown being milled in the CEREC milling machine. No more long waits, messy dental impressions and inconvenience of dislodged temporary crowns!
CEREC SIRONA is currently available in our Tampines Plaza branch. You may call any of our clinics for enquiries or to make an appointment.
For more information on CEREC crowns, please click here : www.sirona.com/ecomaXL/files/CEREC_ONE_VISIT_DENTISTRY_EN.pptx&download
We use high strength composite fillings that are free of mercury, to replace missing parts of a tooth. Composite fillings come in many shades of tooth colour and our dentists take pride in matching as accurately as possible, the filling to the original colour of the tooth, for the best aesthetics.